OSC_S imports the characteristics of a Cadence® AWR® Microwave Office® software oscillator design into Visual System Simulator™ (VSS) software. The power level, oscillation frequency and phase noise can be obtained from the AWR Microwave Office simulation. The oscillation frequency is determined from the nonlinear simulation at the specified harmonic index while all other harmonics are ignored. The AWR Microwave Office circuit must contain an oscillator phase noise simulation in order to model phase noise.
This block supports parameterized AWR Microwave Office subcircuits and swept variables in the
AWR Microwave Office circuit. See Section 1.7
of the AWR VSS Modeling Guide
for details.
Name | Data Type | Description | Unit Type | Default |
---|---|---|---|---|
ID | N | Element ID | Text | V1 |
NET | S | AWR Microwave Office subcircuit name | N/A | M |
PORT | I | Port number | Scalar | 1 |
FRQ | R | Oscillator frequency (if empty, it will be calculated from the nonlinear circuit) | Frequency | |
HARMIDX | I | Harmonic index (fundamental oscillation frequency=1) | Scalar | 1 |
PWR | R | Oscillator power (if empty, it will be calculated from the nonlinear circuit) | Power in dB | |
PHS | R | Phase offsets | Angle | 0 |
CTRFRQ | R | Center frequency | Frequency | |
SMPFRQ | R | Sampling frequency | Frequency | |
ZS | C | Source impedance | Resistance | _Z0 |
T | R | Output noise temperature | Temperature | _TAMB |
NOISE | E | Thermal noise modeling | N/A | Auto |
*TNRSEED | I | Thermal noise random number generator seeds | Scalar | |
PNOISE | E | Phase noise modeling | N/A | No phase noise |
*PNTYP | E | Phase noise type | N/A | Traditional |
*PNNFLT | I | Phase noise filter order | Scalar | 10000 |
*PNRSEED | I | Phase noise random number generator seeds | Scalar | |
*RFBSRC | E | RF Budget Analysis source frequency type | N/A | Auto |
*SMPSYM | R | Samples per symbol | Scalar | _SMPSYM |
*BLKSZ | I | Samples per pass | Scalar | _BLKSZ * _SMPSYM |
*IVARTYP | Treatment of parameters for schematic swept variables | Allow any value for numeric |
* indicates a secondary parameter
NET. The name of the AWR Microwave Office circuit. The name must be enclosed in quotation marks.
PORT. The port number in the AWR Microwave Office schematic that is used as the measurement port.
FRQ. The oscillation frequency. If this parameter is empty, the value is calculated from the nonlinear oscillator simulation.
HARMIDX. Harmonic oscillation frequency. Most standard free-running oscillators have the harmonic index=1 (fundamental). Multiplier-type oscillators will operate at a harmonic of the fundamental. The frequency, power and phase noise are all calculated at this harmonic.
PWR. The oscillator power at the oscillation frequency. Leave empty to use the power from the AWR Microwave Office simulation.
PHS. The phase offset for the oscillation frequency. Leave empty to use the phase from the AWR Microwave Office simulation.
CTRFRQ. The center frequency for the complex envelope signal. If this is left empty, the center frequency will be automatically determined from either downstream blocks or the oscillation frequency.
SMPFRQ. The sampling frequency for the signal. If left empty this will be determined automatically, as follows. If there is nothing else in the signal path downstream to help determine a sampling frequency, then the sampling frequency is set to _SMPFRQ = _DRATE * _SMPSYM from the Options > Default System Options menu of the project. The sampling frequency can also be back-propagated to the block when it is specified somewhere else in the chain. For example, this happens when a signal with a specified sampling frequency goes through a mixer (or adder, combiner, etc.) for which this block is the LO. Then the sampling frequency of the block is set to the value back-propagated through the two-input block.
ZS. The source impedance of the generator.
T. The noise temperature of noise generated by the block if noise is enabled for the simulation type by NOISE. The noise generated is white noise.
NOISE. Determines how thermal noise is to be modeled:
RF Budget only: Noise is modeled for RF Budget Analysis simulations, but not Time Domain simulations.
RF Budget + Time Domain: Noise is modeled for both RF Budget Analysis and Time Domain simulations.
Noiseless: The block is assumed to be noiseless in all simulations.
Auto: The setting is determined from the RF Noise Modeling setting on the RF Optionstab of the System Simulator Options dialog box.
TNRSEED. Seeds for the random number generator used to generate thermal noise samples. Up to four values may be entered. If this is left empty, the seed will be generated based on the block name and ID parameter.
PNOISE. Determines how phase noise is to be modeled.
PNTYP. Determines how the phase noise mask is obtained from the AWR Microwave Office circuit.
Traditional: Values are obtained similar to the AWR Microwave Office PH_NOISE measurement with "Default" set for the noise computation method.
LSB Noise-to-Carrier: Values are obtained similar to the AWR Microwave Office L_LSB measurement with "Default" set for the noise computation method.
USB Noise-to-Carrier: Values are obtained similar to the AWR Microwave Office L_USB measurement with "Default" set for the noise computation method.
NOTE: The ability to generate time domain phase noise
matching the phase noise mask is limited by the sampling frequency and the total phase
noise to be generated. As the average phase noise generated by the FIR filter bins
approaches or exceeds the inverse of the sampling frequency, the phase noise samples
wrap around ±π and the phase noise samples effectively alias. Section 3.4.2 in the
AWR VSS Modeling Guide
details the equations
involved.
PNNFLT. The filter order of the FIR filter used to shape the phase noise spectrum. If an odd value is specified, one will be added to make the filter order even.
PNRSEED. Seeds for the random number generator used to generate phase noise samples. Up to four values may be entered. If this is left empty, the seed will be generated based on the block name and ID parameter.
RFBSRC. Determines how the RF Budget Analysis frequencies for this source are determined. The frequencies are computed by adding the frequency offsets specified in the RF Frequencies tab of the System Simulator Options dialog box to a base frequency, which is determined by the selected RFBSRC option:
Auto: If the signal is a real signal, and only one frequency offset was specified, the behavior will be the same as "Signal Frequency", otherwise the behavior will be the same as "Center Frequency (v7.5)". This behavior lets you easily configure an RF Budget Analysis simulation for mixers using real signals.
Center Frequency (v7.5): The frequencies are computed by adding the frequency offsets to the center frequency. This is the same behavior as VSS v7.5 software.
Signal Frequency: The frequencies are computed by adding the frequency offsets to the average of the frequencies in FRQ. This is useful if the center frequency cannot be the same as FRQ, or if a real signal is being generated.
SMPSYM. The number of samples per symbol associated with the signal. Although not directly applicable to RF tones, samples per symbol is used by various blocks to define a data bandwidth, which is the sampling frequency divided by the samples per symbol.
BLKSZ. The number of samples generated each time the block is visited.
IVARTYP. Determines the behavior of the dynamic parameters representing the swept variables of the AWR Microwave Office schematic.
Allow any value for numeric, pin to nearest: The parameters allow any numeric value, and the data set with the swept variable closest to the parameter value is used.
Select from list: The parameters display a list of available values for the swept variables.
OSC_S utilizes the same implementation as Tone(s) Source, TONE. Refer to TONE for details on the implementation.