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AWR Design Environment Getting Started Guide

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
Introducing the AWR Design Environment Platform
About This Guide
Prerequisites
Contents of this Guide
Conventions Used in This Guide
Getting Additional Information
Cadence AWR Knowledge Base
Documentation
Online Help
Online Support
2. AWR Design Environment Platform
Starting AWR Software Programs
AWR Design Environment Platform Components
Basic Operations
Working with Projects
Project Contents
Creating, Opening, and Saving Projects
Opening Example Projects
Importing Test Benches
Working with Schematics and Netlists in AWR Microwave Office
Adding Data to Netlists
Working with System Diagrams in VSS
Connecting Element and System Block Nodes
Using the Elements Browser
Adding Subcircuits to Schematics
Adding Subcircuits to System Diagrams
Adding Ports to Schematics and System Diagrams
Creating EM Structures
Adding EM Structure Drawings
Creating a Layout with AWR Microwave Office
Modifying Layout Attributes and Drawing Properties
Using the Layout Manager
Creating Output Graphs and Measurements
Setting Simulation Frequency and Performing Simulations
Tuning and Optimizing Simulations
Using Command Shortcuts
Using Scripts and Wizards
Using Online Help
3. AWR Microwave Office: Importing Data Files
Importing an S-parameter Data File
Creating a New Project
Importing Data Files
Plotting a Data File Directly
Adding a Data File to the Schematic
Creating a Schematic
Placing a Data File in a Schematic
Specifying the Simulation Frequency
Simulating a Schematic with a Data File
Renormalizing the Data File to a Different Impedance
4. AWR Microwave Office: Using the Linear Simulator
Linear Simulations in AWR Microwave Office
Creating a Lumped Element Filter
Creating a New Project
Setting Default Project Units
Setting Default Project Units With Layout
Setting Default Project Units Without Layout
Creating a Schematic
Placing Elements in a Schematic
Connecting the Wires
Placing Ports on a Node
Placing Ground on a Node
Editing Element Parameters
Specifying the Simulation Frequency
Creating a Graph
Adding a Measurement
Analyzing the Circuit
Adding Auto-Search Markers
Tuning the Circuit
Creating Variables
Adding Optimization Goals
Optimizing the Circuit
5. AWR Microwave Office: Creating Layouts from Schematics
Layouts in AWR Microwave Office
Layout Tips and Tricks
Creating a Layout from a Schematic
Creating a New Project
Importing a Layer Process File
Editing Database Units and Default Grid Size
Importing a GDSII Cell Library
Importing a Data File
Placing a Data File in a Schematic and Adding a Ground Node
Changing the Element Symbol
Placing Microstrip Elements for Layout
Assigning an Artwork Cell to a Schematic Element
Viewing a Layout
Snapping Layout
Running the Connectivity Checker
Anchoring a Layout Cell
Creating an Artwork Cell
Add Ports to an Artwork Cell
Editing the Schematic and Assigning a Chip Cap Cell
Routing the MTRACE2 Element in Layout
Snapping Functions for Layout Cells
Exporting the Layout
6. AWR Microwave Office: Using the Nonlinear Simulator
Harmonic Balance in AWR Microwave Office
Single-Tone Analysis
Multi-Tone Analysis
Nonlinear Measurements
Creating a Power Amplifier Circuit
Creating a New Project
Setting Default Project Units
Setting Default Project Units With Layout
Setting Default Project Units Without Layout
Creating a Schematic
Placing a Nonlinear Model from the Library
Placing an IV Curve Meter on the Nonlinear Element
Editing the IV Curve Meter Element
Adding an IV Curve Measurement
Creating a Bias Circuit
Adding Schematic Back Annotation
Adding a Harmonic Balance Port
Specifying Nonlinear Simulation Frequencies
Adding a Large Signal Reflection Coefficient Measurement
Importing Input Match and Output Match Schematics
Adding Subcircuits to a Schematic
Creating a Pout vs. Frequency Measurement
Creating a Dynamic Load Line Measurement
Setting up a Two-Tone Simulation
Copying a Schematic in the Project Browse
Adding a Two-Tone Harmonic Balance Port
Adding a Third-Order Intermodulation Measurement
Using Variable Sweeps to Measure IP3 vs Voltage
Plotting IM3 vs Output Power
7. AWR Microwave Office: Using the AWR AXIEM EM Simulator
EM Simulation in AWR Microwave Office
Creating a Distributed Interdigital Filter
Creating a New Project
Importing a Layer Process File (LPF)
Setting Default Project Units and Grid
Creating an EM Structure
Setting Up the Enclosure
Sidewall Boundary Conditions
Adding Conductors to the Layout
Adding Vias
Viewing the Structure in 3D
Adding Ports
Specifying the Simulation Frequencies
Previewing the Geometry
Viewing Structure Mesh
Running the EM Simulator
Displaying Results on a Graph
Changing Frequency Range and Step Size
Animating Currents
Completing the Filter Layout
Advanced Frequency Sweep
Adding an EM Structure to a Schematic as a Subcircuit
8. ANA: Using the Analyst 3D Electromagnetic Simulator
Creating a Simulation for a Simple EM Structure
Opening an Existing Project
Converting the AWR AXIEM Structure to Analyst
Running the Simulation
9. ANA: Hierarchy and 3D Parts in Analyst
Building a Hierarchical Simulation
Opening an Existing Project
Creating an Analyst EM Structure
Adding a 3D Parameterized Cell (Bond Wires)
10. ANA: Using Arbitrary 3D Structures in Analyst
Creating and Importing 3D Structures
Opening an Existing Project
Adding the SMA Connector
Adding Solder Pads
Simulating the Entire Structure
Configuring for Transition Simulation Only
Encapsulating the Chip and Bond Wires
11. ANA: Importing SAT Files in Analyst
Using a Custom Housing to Enclose the PCB
Opening an Existing Project
Importing the Housing
Assigning Materials to the Structure
Simulating the Structure
12. MMIC: Designing MMICs
Opening the Design
Organizing the Design
13. MMIC: Layout Features
Enabling Two Click Entry Mode
Specifying Line Types
Using Automatic Interconnect
Using Layout Snapping
Snapping to Fit
Using Intelligent Parameter Syntax
14. MMIC: Extraction and EM Simulation
Extracting Across Hierarchy
Configuring Groups
Using Incremental Extraction
Using Data Sets
Simplifying Geometry
15. MMIC: Verifying Designs
Using the Connectivity Highlighter
Using the Connectivity Checker
Using Layout Vs Schematic (LVS)
Design Rule Checking (DRC)
Completing the MMIC Example
16. MMIC: Supplemental Topics
Navigating Design Hierarchy: Schematic and Layout
Cross-selecting Between Schematic and Layout
Using Intelligent Parameter Syntax
Layout: Using Automatic Interconnect
Using More Than Two Connections at a Node
Working Through Hierarchy
Artwork Cells and EM Structures
Discontinuities Without Lines
Layout: Changing Background Color
Layout: Snapping Strategy
Layout: Adding Text
17. VSS: System Simulation in VSS
Overview of VSS Theory
Data Types
Complex Envelope Signal Representation
Center Frequency and Sampling Frequency
Parameter Propagation
Amplitude Modulation (AM) Example
Creating a Project
Setting Default System Settings
Setting Default Project Units With Layout
Setting Default Project Units Without Layout
Creating a System Diagram
Placing Blocks in a System Diagram
Connecting the Blocks and Adding Test Points
Editing Block Parameters
Specifying System Simulator Options
Creating a Graph to View Results
Adding a Measurement
Running the Simulation and Analyzing Results
18. VSS: End-to-End System
Creating a QAM Project
Setting Default System Settings
Setting Default Project Units With Layout
Setting Default Project Units Without Layout
Creating a QAM End-to-End System Diagram
Adding Graphs and Measurements
Running the Simulation and Analyzing the Results
Tuning System Parameters
Creating a BER and SER Simulation
Converting BER Curve Results to a Table
19. VSS: Adding an AWR Microwave Office Subcircuit to a System
Adding a AWR Microwave Office Filter Circuit to the System
Testing the Filter
Simulating the QAM System
Adding a Graph and Analyzing the Results
Experimenting with Filters
20. VSS: Using an AWR Microwave Office Nonlinear Element in VSS
Importing an Amplifier Model into VSS
Using the Vector Signal Analyzer Block
21. VSS: RF Budget Analysis
Creating an RF Chain
Adding Measurements
Performing Yield Analysis
22. VSS: Fixed-Point Simulations
Fixed-Point Properties
Configuration Properties
State Properties
Annotations
Fixed-Point Example
Creating the Project
Setting Default System Settings
Setting Default Project Units with Layout
Setting Default Project Units without Layout
Creating the Filter Coefficient File
Creating the FIR Subcircuit
Creating the Main System Diagram
Adding Graphs and Measurements
Adding Annotations
Running the Simulation and Analyzing the Results
23. VSS: VSS Examples
FSK Example
Using a "Black Box" FSK Modulator
Creating an FSK Modulator Using Elementary Blocks
Receiver and Demodulation
Adding Graphs and Analyzing Results
I/Q Imbalance Example
I/Q Imbalance and Phase Imbalance vs. Error Vector
Adding Graphs and Analyzing Results
Nth order IP Measurement
EVM vs Swept Power
Swept Variables

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