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(Obsolete) Volterra Nonlinear Controlled Current Source: VVCN


Equivalent Circuit


Name Description Unit Type Default
ID ID Text VN1
*G1 1st volterra coef   0.1
*G2 2nd volterra coef   0
*G3 3rd volterra coef   0
AFAC Current scaling factor   1

* indicates a secondary parameter

Implementation Details

VVCN is a nonlinear voltage-controlled current source whose I/V characteristic is described by a Taylor series in the vicinity of its DC bias voltage. As such, it is ideal for use with Volterra analysis or with small-signal IM calculations by harmonic balance. The I/V characteristic is

which can be expressed as

where i is the current in the controlled source and v is the control voltage. The gn coefficients are the Gn parameters of the model.

Since the gn are evaluated at a particular DC bias voltage, DC bias is implicit in the model. Thus, DC bias must not be included in the circuit.


This element does not have an assigned layout cell. You can assign artwork cells to any element. See “Assigning Artwork Cells to Layout of Schematic Elements” for details.

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