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Physical Spec: Floating Shield, Shorted, Improved Accuracy (Closed Form): TLSCP2



TLSCP2 simulates a transmission short-circuited line with isolated (floating) ground terminals. The characteristics of the transmission line are specified as physical length and electrical specification of the characteristic impedance and propagation constant. By default, this model provides partial account for circuit loss (insertion loss only). You can toggle the secondary parameter LossModel to obtain access to insertion loss, return loss, and dielectric loss (for example; for microstrips or stripline). Use extreme care with this element as it is meant to work in concert with additional elements which relate the voltages at ports of the transmission line to the global ground. Unusual and unexpected behavior can result if these additional elements are omitted.


Name Description Unit Type Default
ID Name Text TL1
Z0 Transmission line impedance Resistance 50 ohm
L Transmission line length Length 0 um
Eeff Relative effective dielectric constant   0
Loss Loss (db/meter)   0
F0 Frequency for scaling losses Frequency 0 GHz
*LossModel Partial/Full account for conductor and dielectric loss   Partial
*TanD Dielectric loss tangent   0
*Mur Relative dielectric permeability   1
*TanM Dielectric magnetic loss tangent   0
*Sigma Dielectric bulk conductivity (S/m)   0
*EpsFreqDep Dielectric constant is frequency dependent (No/Yes)   No
*Fmin Low roll-off frequency of Tand frequency dependence Frequency 1kHz
*Fmax High roll-off frequency of Tand frequency dependence Frequency 1THz
*Fspec Er and Tand are specified at this frequency Frequency 1GHz

* indicates a hidden secondary parameter

Equivalent Circuit

See the TLINP4 equivalent circuit.

Parameter Details

Note that parameters marked by asterisk (*) are hidden/invisible while the control parameter LossModel=Partial (default value). Setting LossModel=Full displays these secondary parameters in the model's Element Options dialog box Parameters tab (except parameters Fmin, Fmax, and Fspec which are visible only when parameter EpsFreqDep=Yes).

Loss and F0. Determine the frequency-dependence of the attenuation constant. If F0 is not equal to zero (0.0), then

(dB/m) where freq is the evaluation frequency. If F0 is equal to zero, the attenuation is constant versus frequency and is equal to Loss(dB/m).

LossModel is a secondary control parameter that defines how the model accounts for loss and dielectric parameters. If LossModel=Partial (default value) then the model accounts for insertion loss (parameter Loss) only. If LossModel=Full then the model accounts for insertion loss, return loss, dielectric loss, and for frequency-dependent model of dielectric parameters (for example, for microstrips, stripline, or other).

NOTE: The secondary parameter LossModel displays when you click the Show or hide secondary parameters button on the toolbar of the the Element Options dialog box Parameters tab. If LossModel=Full, additional secondary parameters display.

EpsFreqDep is a (hidden, secondary) control parameter that defines if dielectric constant and dielectric loss tangent exhibit predefined frequency-dependence, suggested in [1]. This dependence is controlled by the three frequency parameters Fmin, Fmax, and Fspec, and imparts causal behavior to the model. Fmin, Fmax, and Fspec are hidden (invisible) if EpsFreqDep=No.

Implementation Details

See the TLINP4 "Implementation Details" section.


This element does not have an assigned layout cell. You can assign artwork cells to any element. See “Assigning Artwork Cells to Layout of Schematic Elements” for details.

Recommendations for Use

This model, along with additional components can be used to model transmission line baluns and transmission line transformers in which one of the conductors is shielded from ground, like a coaxial line.

NOTE: Because the model definition does not include interactions with the ground, unusual and unexpected results can occur if other components are not used to relate the voltage on both sides of the transmission line to ground.


[1] A.R. Djordjevic et al., "Wideband Frequency-Domain Characterization of FR-4 and Time-Domain Causality", IEEE Trans. of Electromagn. Compat., Vol. 43, No. 4, Nov. 2001

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