Go to www.awrcorp.com
Back to search page Click to download printable version of this guide.

2 Suspended Substrate Broadside Coupled Striplines (EM Quasi-Static Based): SSBCPLX

Symbol

Summary

SSBCPLX models a section of two equal width and thickness broadside coupled striplines with conductor strips placed on the top and bottom surfaces of a suspended substrate (suspended substrate is a single layer substrate sandwiched between two infinite grounded planes and separated from them with air layers). Lateral offset is allowed for the bottom line.

SSBCPLX is constructed as an X-model (table-based interpolation) using the results of an EM 2-D quasi-static cross-sectional analysis based on Method of Moments. For a detailed discussion of the X-models see EM-based Models (X-models). EM 2-D quasi-static analysis is the same method as that used in SBCPL, however, SSBCPLX gains large computational speed increases due to the table-based interpolation.

Topology

Parameters

Name Description Unit Type Default
ID Element ID Text TL1
W Conductors width Length W[1]
Offset Offset of bottom conductors Length W[1]
L Line length Length L[1]
Acc Accuracy parameter   1
SPSUB Substrate definition Text See[1][2]
*AutoFill Autofill database if not equal to 0   0
SNAME1 Structure name from lpf file for top conductor Text TOP_BCLIN
SNAME2 Structure name from lpf file for bottom conductor Text BOT_BCLIN

[1] User-modifiable default. Modify by editing under $DEFAULT_VALUES in the default.lpf file in the root installation directory.

[2] If only one SPSUB is present in the schematic, this substrate is automatically used. If multiple SPSUB substrate definitions are present, you must specify which to use.

* indicates a secondary parameter

Parameter Details

W. Conductor width is an independent parameter.

Offs. The offset of the bottom conductor is an independent parameter.

Acc. An accuracy parameter influencing the EM 2-D quasi-static cross-sectional analysis; it can range from 1 to 10. This value is used to automatically fill the model tables if the necessary table is missing and the Autofill parameter is set to 1. Higher values of Acc may improve accuracy but also may slow the filling process. SSBCPLX does not use Acc in normal, table-based interpolation mode.

SPSUB. Suspended substrate parameters are listed in the SPSUB model documentation.

Autofill. A hidden input which allows you to specify that the entire interpolation table should be filled automatically at the current values. To initiate this filling process, this parameter should be set to 1. During normal operation, this parameter should be set to zero. You can access the hidden parameter by double-clicking the schematic element.

Parameter Restrictions and Recommendations

  1. SSBCPLX implies that the ratio W/H2 lies within a predefined range of 0.05≤W/H2≤18.0 and the ratio Offs/H2 lies within a predefined range of 0.025≤Offs/H2≤70 (H2 is substrate thickness). Outside of these ranges, this model extrapolates output parameters and issues a warning.

  2. Cover height above substrate H1, substrate thickness H2, substrate elevation above ground H3, nominal dielectric constant ErNom, dielectric tangent Tand, relative conductor bulk resistance Rho, and accuracy Acc are fixed parameters. Cadence® AWR® Microwave Office® software provides pre-generated tables for several typical values of SSBCPLX fixed parameters. Changes to any fixed parameter may start the automatic filling process (if Autofill is set to 1), the length of which depends on the Acc value. You can change any fixed parameter to create the corresponding tables.

  3. The dielectric constant Er of the substrate SPSUB is a statistical parameter. This means that models account for the relative deviation of Er from ErNom within 20%; larger deviation demands a new fill of the model tables.

  4. Conductor thickness is specified by substrate SPSUB. Note that the bottom of the conductor juts out downward (see the "Topology" section).

  5. SNAME1 and SNAME2 are for layout only and have no effect on the electrical performance.

Implementation Details

This model was developed under research performed at Cadence Design Systems, Inc. The full details of the implementation are considered proprietary in nature.

Layout

When you specify SNAME1 and SNAME2, the structures with corresponding names are identified in a $STRUCT_TYPE_BEGIN section of the LPF file. If a structure with the corresponding name is not found, the name of the missing structure is drawn on the error layer. The structure named SNAME1 must contain a text line starting with the line type name used for the top conductor. A structure named SNAME2 must contain a text line starting with the line type name used for the bottom conductor. In a structure named SNAME1=TOP_TRACE and SNAME2= BOT_TRACE with line type names "Top Copper" and "Bot Copper", you need to add the following code to the LPF file (user defined line types may contain any number of layers; structures must contain only one text line):

$LINE_TYPE_BEGIN	"Top Copper"
		! -> Layer 		offset 		minWidth 		flags
		"Cu_1"		0		5e-005		0
$LINE_TYPE_END
$LINE_TYPE_BEGIN	"Bot Copper"
		! -> Layer 		offset 		minWidth 		flags
		"Cu_2"		0		5e-005		0
$LINE_TYPE_END
$STRUCT_TYPE_BEGIN	"TOP_TRACE"
   "Top Copper"	0 0 0	
$STRUCT_TYPE_END
$STRUCT_TYPE_BEGIN	"BOT_TRACE"
   "Bot Copper"	0 0 0	
$STRUCT_TYPE_END
   

Note that the text inside structures contains line type names in quotation marks followed by three blank separated zeros.

Recommendations for Use

To create new tables for the substrate dielectric constant different from those supplied with AWR Microwave Office software, you must set ErNom = Er = needed-value-of-dielectric-constant, set AutoFill = 1 and simulate.

In exchange for a speed increase, you should expect small errors resulting from the interpolation, and the range of the input parameters is restricted.

To implement values outside of the specified ranges of W/H2, Offs/H2 (see the "Parameter Restrictions and Recommendations" section), you can use the SBCPL element.

References

[1] M.B. Bazdar, A.R. Djordjevic, R.F. Harrington, and T.K. Sarkar, "Evaluation of quasi-static matrix parameters for multiconductor transmission lines using Galerkin's method," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-42, July 1994, pp. 1223-1228

Legal and Trademark Notice