Go to www.awrcorp.com
Back to search page Click to download printable version of this guide.

Symmetrical Rectangular Waveguide H-step (TE10): HSTEP_TE10

Symbol

Summary

HSTEP_TE10 models the behavior of an H-plane step or change in width of rectangular waveguide. This step is represented as a discontinuity in a transmission line equivalent to the TE10 mode propagating in a rectangular waveguide. This model assumes that rectangular waveguides on both sides of the discontinuity have the same size and are filled with air (only).

Parameters

Name Description Unit Type Default
Wa Width of rectangular waveguide (wider) Length 22.86 mm
Wb Hight of rectangular waveguide Length 10.16 mm
WaP Width of rectangular waveguide (narrower) Length 10.16 mm
*ZCalc Switch - selector of TE10 characteristic impedance definition ("Power-Voltage"/"Voltage-Current"/"Normalized")   Power-Voltage

* indicates a secondary parameter

Parameter Details

Zcalc. Allows you to select a definition of the characteristic impedance of the TE10 mode propagating in a rectangular waveguide with Wa x Wb dimensions. Options include "Power-Voltage", "Voltage-Current", and "Normalized." This model uses the value of characteristic impedance to denormalize the computed normalized y-matrix of the modeled discontinuity. This selection must match the selection of the same parameter in the RWG_TEmn and RWGT_TEmn elements used in the same schematic.

The characteristic impedance definitions [2] are:

Here, fc is the cutoff frequency for TE10 and f is the operational frequency; η is the wave impedance of the open space filled with the waveguide dielectric.

ZNormalized=1

Parameter Restrictions and Recommendations

  1. The values of Wa and Wb must provide propagation of the single mode TE10 within the operational frequency range.

  2. Waveguide width WaP must be exactly less than (not equal to) waveguide width Wa

Implementation Details

HSTEP_TE10 evaluates the discontinuity impact using equivalent circuit parameters represented by quasi-static approximations given in [1], [2].

HSTEP_TE10 implementation assumes that rectangular waveguide is air-filled.

When operational frequency is below cutoff or exceeds the upper frequency limit acceptable for this model, an appropriate warning is issued.

Layout

This element does not have an assigned layout cell. You can assign artwork cells to any element. See “Assigning Artwork Cells to Layout of Schematic Elements” for details.

Recommendations for Use

To obtain the best results in simulated application based on HBEND_TE10 (for example, filters), you should use the matching termination provided by the Tempering model. For this purpose, terminate the application with the PORT_TN port model. PORT_TN should refer to a subcircuit that contains an RWGT_TEmn model (m=1, n=0).

This model is developed to work in a frequency range when only dominant TE10 propagates.

Normalized characteristic impedance implies that waveguide mode is propagating. Never set ZCalc to "Normalized" if your operational frequency gets into a region below cutoff.

Note that the results depend on the selected definition of a waveguide characteristic impedance.

References

[1] Lewin L. "Theory of Waveguides", London, Newness-Butterworths, 1975, Ch.1, Sec. 5.2.

[2] Gupta K.C. et al. "Computer-Aided Design of Microwave Circuits", Artech House, Mass., 1981, sec. 5.3.4.

Legal and Trademark Notice